Former Judges


BABIĆ, MARKO (1954), LL D

Judge of the Constitutional Court (2007 - 2016)

Graduated from the Faculty of Law, Zagreb University, in 1976. He attained his LL M at the Faculty of Law, Osijek University, in 1995, and his LL D at the Faculty of Law in Sarajevo in 2000, thesis title, The Legal and Economic Aspects of Privatisation in Transition Countries (the diploma was validated at the Faculty of Law, Osijek University, in 2003). Passed the civil service examination in 1978, the bar examination in 1979 and the notary public examination in 1998. In 2012 he was elected to the scientific title scientific associate.

In 1987 he was enrolled in the register of attorneys and continuously, until his election as judge of the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Croatia, worked as an attorney representing clients in a large number of criminal, civil and constitutional-law proceedings, and in proceedings before military courts and disciplinary bodies. As of 2013 he teaches Company Law at the Law Department of the Faculty of Economics & Business, Zagreb University.

He has published many research and professional papers in civil procedural law, civil law, administrative and commercial law. He has participated at many congresses and seminars in Croatia and abroad.


BANIĆ, SLAVICA (1966)

Judge of the Constitutional Court (2008 - 2016)

Graduated from the Faculty of Law, Sarajevo University, in 1989. Passed the bar examination in 1996. Completed attendance at the Postgraduate Master’s Studies in International Law and International Relations (1989-1991). At present attending the Postgraduate Doctoral Studies in Public Law and Public Administration at the Faculty of Law, Zagreb University.

From 1991 to 1992 she was attorney’s trainee at Bianca Hondl’s Law Office. From 1992 to 1993 she worked in the Foreign Currency Sector of the Zagrebačka banka d.d. Bank, and from 1993 to 1995 she was administrator of the Zagreb Office of the International Rehabilitation Council for Torture Victims. From 1995 to 1996 she was attorney’s trainee in Lazo Veselinović’s Law Office. From 1997 to 2001 she was employed at the Croatian Parliament as secretary of the European Integrations Committee, senior adviser of the Foreign Policy Committee and adviser of the Croatian Parliamentary Delegation to the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe. From 2002 to 2004 she was constitutional-court advisor at the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Croatia. From 2004 until she was elected Constitutional Court judge she was head of the Legislation Office of the Government of the Republic of Croatia.

She has written several professional articles on public administration. She participated in drawing up several laws. She is external associate teacher at the Two-Year Social Studies College in Zagreb and Secretary General of the Public Administration Institute. In 2010 she was appointed a substitute member of the European Commission for Democracy through Law (the Venice Commission) from the Republic of Croatia.

She participated at many professional gatherings, seminars and consultations on law in Croatia and abroad and was professional organiser of several Croatian and international meetings concerning psychological and social help to war victims.


BARTOVČAK, ZDRAVKO (1934 - 2012)

Judge of the Constitutional Court (1991 - 1999)
Vice-president of the Constitutional Court (1996 - 1998)

Graduated from the Faculty of Law, Zagreb University, in 1957.

Deputy district and county public prosecutor, county public prosecutor, attorney-at-law and State Attorney of the Socialistic Republic of Croatia.

Participated in many scientific and expert gatherings. Author of several works in the field of the protection of citizens' constitutional rights by means of the constitutional complaint.

Retired in 1999. Passed away in Zagreb on 2 September 2012.


BELAJEC, VLADIMIR LL D (1932)

Judge of the Constitutional Court (1994 - 2001)
Vice-president of the Constitutional Court (1996 - 1998)

Graduated from the Faculty of Law, Zagreb University. Gained his doctor's degree in the field of civil procedure law at the same faculty, in 1985.

From 1960 employed at the Faculty of Law, Zagreb University, as assistant lecturer, lecturer and assistant professor at the Department of Civil Procedure Law.

Deputy chairman of the Electoral Committee of the Republic of Croatia in 1992.

Participated in closer working groups for drafting the Civil Procedure Act and the Marriage and Family Act.

Author of many scholarly and expert works in civil procedure law and executive court law.

Retired since 2001.


FILIPOVIĆ, NIKOLA LL D (1933 - 2007)

Judge of the Constitutional Court (1991 - 1999)
Vice-president of the Constitutional Court (1991 - 1993)

Graduated from the Faculty of Law, Zagreb University, in 1957. Gained his doctor's degree at the same faculty. Judicial examination in 1961.

Taught at the Faculty of Law, Zagreb University, for 30 years. One time director of the Zagreb Faculty of Law.

Judge of the Constitutional Court of the Socialist Republic of Croatia from 1988, and from 1991 judge of the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Croatia.

Member of the Constituent Committee of the Presidency of the Republic of Croatia for drafting the first Constitution of the Republic of Croatia in 1990.

Head of the Croatian Human Rights Institute in Novi Vinodolski since its establishment.

Author of many scientific and expert works in the field of constitutional law. Co-author of four textbooks of constitutional law. Participated in many national and international scientific gatherings.

Retired in 1999. Passed away in Zagreb on 12 February 2007.


HRANJSKI, MARIJAN (1941)

Judge of the Constitutional Court (1999 - 2007)

Graduated from the Faculty of Law, Zagreb University, in 1966.

Bar examination in 1969.

Assistant and deputy municipal public prosecutor of the City of Zagreb. Municipal public prosecutor of the Town of Samobor. From 1984 to 1991 deputy district public prosecutor in Zagreb. From 1991 to 1994 deputy public prosecutor of the Republic of Croatia. From 1994 to 1998 general attorney of the Republic of Croatia, and in 1999 judge of the Supreme Court of the Republic of Croatia.

From 1995 to 1996 president of the Croatian Government War Crimes Commission. From 1994 to 1998 member of the National Judicial Council.

He was awarded the following state decorations: Order of Duke Branimir with chain, Order of Ante Starčević, Order of Croatian Trefoil and Medal of Homeland Gratitude.


JELAVIĆ-MITROVIĆ, ANTE (1925 - 2011)

Judge of the Constitutional Court (1991 - 1999)
Vice-president of the Constitutional Court (1991 - 1993)

Graduated from the Faculty of Law, Zagreb University.

Judge from 1952, and from 1963 president of the County Court in Osijek. From 1973 attorney-at-law in Osijek.

From 1990-1991 member of Parliament of the Republic of Croatia.

Retired since 1999. Passed away in 2011 in Zagreb.


KOS, MARIO (1936 - 2013)

Judge of the Constitutional Court (2001 - 2009)

Graduated from the Faculty of Law, Zagreb University, in 1962.

Bar examination in 1967.

Between 1968 and 2001 attorney-at-law in Zagreb.

From 1982 to 1986 president of the Zagreb Law Association. From 1984 to 1987 deputy president of the Croatian Law Society, and its President from 1987 to 1994.

Editor-in chief of the journal Odvjetnik (Attorney-at-law) from 1997 to 1994.

Author of many professional articles concerning problems of attorneys-at-law, the judiciary, Constitutional Court, State Judicial Council, the protection of human rights. Author and editor of books on attorneys. Author of introductory remarks in the Commentary to the Law on Attorneys-at-Law.

Participated, organised and read papers at many professional meetings, symposiums, conferences and round tables both in Croatia and abroad.

Member of the Parliamentary Constitutional Commission for drafting the first Constitution of the Republic of Croatia in 1990, member of the Republican Committee for supervising the elections in 1990, and member of the Republican Commission for the implementation of 1991 national referendum. In 1992 representative of the Republic of Croatia at the Conference on the protection of human rights, in Madrid. In 1994 he became member of the Permanent Senate of the European Presidential Conference in Vienna.

In 1993 Dr Thomas Klestil, President of the Republic of Austria, awarded him the Great Medal of Honour for Merit of the Republic of Austria. He passed away in Zagreb on 24 December 2013.


KRAPAC, DAVOR (1947 - 2016), PhD, Fellow of the Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts

Judge of the Constitutional Court (2007 - 2016)

Davor Krapac graduated from the Faculty of Law of the University of Zagreb in 1971, where he also gained an MSc in criminal law in 1973, and a S.J.D. in 1980. He defended a doctoral thesis on "Indirect and Direct Evidence in Criminal Procedure". He passed the Bar Examination in 1973.

Before his first appointment as assistant lecturer at the Faculty of Law (1973), he worked as legal trainee in Zagreb. Since 1978, he has held the positions of research assistant, senior lecturer, full professor, and in 1998 he was appointed full professor with tenure in the Department of Criminal Procedural Law of the Faculty of Law of the University of Zagreb. In the academic years 2001/02 and 2002/03 he held the office of Dean of the Faculty of Law of the University of Zagreb, and performed a number of administrative tasks in the working bodies of the University Senate.

He also lectures in postgraduate studies in Criminal Law Sciences, and lectured in other postgraduate studies (including copyright law, family law and European law). At the Faculty of Law of the University of Maribor he taught the regular course of Criminal Procedural Law from 1992 to 1997, and has given individual lectures at the law faculties of the universities of Ljubljana, Sarajevo and Graz. From 1997 to 2007 he also led the course in Criminal Procedural Law at the Police College of the Ministry of the Interior of the Republic of Croatia in Zagreb.

He was Fellow of the Humbolt Foundation in 1986/87/88, which allowed him to attend the Max-Planck Institute for Foreign and International Criminal Law in Freiburg, Germany. He attended multiple seminars at the "Instituto superiore di scienze criminali" in Syracuse, Italy, and in May 1986 he attended a training programme at the T.M.C. Asser Institute in The Hague. He has participated in numerous international conferences and seminars and all the international congresses of the International Association of Penal Law (IAPL/AIDP) since the 13th congress in Hamburg (1979) until today, in some of which he has taken the role of national rapporteur. He has cooperated in a number of scientific studies and projects in Croatia and Slovenia and is currently the leader of the research project of the Ministry of Science, Education and Sports ZOŠ (066-0662530-2506) "Modern Preliminary Criminal Proceedings". In 1996/97 he was the national coordinator of the Central European Exchange Programme for University Studies (CEEPUS) for the Croatian network (no. HR-028/9607). At the 21st criminological research conference of the Council of Europe in 1996 in Strasbourg he acted as general rapporteur. He has participated in numerous meetings organised by professional associations or citizen associations on legal topics related to human rights, the judiciary, and international criminal law.

From 1991 to 2007 he was President of the Presidency (later the Management Board) of the Croatian Association for Criminal Law Sciences and Practice. He is the founder and editor-in-chief of the specialist journal for criminal sciences "Croatian Annual of Criminal Law and Practice". In 1998, together with the Publishing Committee of the Croatian Ministry of the Interior, he launched within the Association the scientific-professional series of books "Vladimir Bayer" in the area of criminal law sciences. In 1999, he founded the Croatian Association of European Criminal Law whose objective is to prepare local professionals for the changes in criminal law and the justice system faced by the Republic of Croatia in its process of accession to the EU. From 2003 to 2007 he was president of the Steering Board of the Human Rights Centre in Zagreb.

He was member of the Parliamentary Constitutional Commission for drafting the text of the Constitution of the Republic of Croatia of 22 December 1990. From the summer of 1994 to the summer of 2000 he was member of the State Judicial Council drawn from the ranks of university professors. From the autumn of 2000 to November 2003 he was an expert member of the Parliamentary Committee for the Judiciary, and in parliamentary elections he has been member of the Ethics Committee. From 2003 to 15 June 2007 he was external member of the Committee for the Constitution, Standing Orders and the Political System of the Croatian Parliament. On 15 March 2000 he was elected as permanent external scientific advisor of the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Croatia. He was member of the State Public Prosecution Council of the Republic of Croatia from 26 October 2001 to 2005. He has participated either as member or as president of various working groups for the drafting of laws at the Ministry of Justice of the Republic of Croatia. He has also taken part in drafting reports prepared by the Croatian Government, in line with the commitments arising from different multilateral human rights agreements, for international institutions, such as the UN and the Council of Europe.

From 20 May 2004 to 10 May 2012 he was associate member, and since 10 May 2012 he has been full member of the Department of Social Sciences of the Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts. Since 7 November 2001 he has been member of the Academy of Legal Sciences of Croatia. On 30 May he received the State Award for Science of the Republic of Croatia.  He has published 10 books or individual publications, and more than 60 research and professional papers in Croatian and foreign law journals (German, Dutch, Italian, Canadian, Slovenian, Macedonian, Spanish, etc.). These papers, besides dealing with criminal law, also cover human rights and the regulation of criminal procedure, comparative criminal procedural law, judicial status law, international criminal law and substantive criminal law. He passed away in Zagreb on 2 November 2016.


KUČEKOVIĆ, VOJISLAV, LL M (1930 - 2015)

Judge of the Constitutional Court (1991 - 1999)

Graduated from the Faculty of Law, Zagreb University, in 1956. Gained his master's degree in the field of criminal law at the same faculty, in 1971.

Judge and president of the Municipal Court in Koprivnica, undersecretary in the Republican Secretariat for the Judiciary and Administration of the Socialist Republic of Croatia, judge of the Supreme Court of the Socialist Republic of Croatia, where he was also president of the Administrative Department.

From 1979 deputy editor-in-chief of the journal Zakonitost (Legality) for legal theory and practice (until 1993 Naša zakonitost - Our Legality).

Author of many scientific and expert works in the field of real estate records, court organization and extra-budgetary court functioning. Participated in many expert gatherings as reporting member or lecturer.

Retired in 1999. Passed away in Koprivnica in November 2015.


MALČIĆ, JURICA (1942 - 2018)

Judge of the Constitutional Court (1994 - 2002)
Vice-president of the Constitutional Court (1998 - 2001)

Graduated from the Faculty of Law, Zagreb University in 1972.

From 1972 to 1990 held various jobs in the state administration. From 1991 adviser to and deputy of the Chief of Staff of the President of the Republic of Croatia, Deputy Minister of Justice and Administration, Secretary to the Government of the Republic of Croatia and Minister of Public Administration.

Author of several expert works in the field of administration and local self-government.

Retired in 2013. He passed away in Zagreb on 7 January 2018.


MATIJA, IVAN (1951), LL D

Judge of the Constitutional Court (1999 - 2007)
Judge of the Constitutional Court (2007 - 2016)

Graduated from the College of Administration, Zagreb University, in 1977, and from the Faculty of Law, Zagreb University, in 1987. Gained his master's degree at the same Faculty, in 1991. Gained his LL D in constitutional law at the Faculty of Law, Bihać University (Bosnia and Herzegovina) in 2009. From 1979, worked in various capacities in the Gredelj Railway Cars Factory in Zagreb (officer for labour law issues and employees' health and pension insurance; head of labour legislation department; head of personnel department; legal affairs and personnel manager). From 1995 to 1999 was on the Management Board and was Development Manager of the Gredelj Railway Cars Factory and deputy Managing Director in charge of legal affairs and contracting. In 1990 member of the Croatian Parliament. Between 1990 and 1992 speaker of the Associated Labour Council in the Parliament of the Republic of Croatia, and from 1992 to 1995 president of the Parliamentary Committee for Labour, Social Policy, Health, Family and Youth concerns.Member of the Parliamentary Constitutional Commission for drafting the first Constitution of the Republic of Croatia in 1990.

Author of many research papers in labour law, social rights of employees, and legal and political issues.


MOMČINOVIĆ, HRVOJE LL M (1936)

Judge of the Constitutional Court (1991 - 1999)
Vice-president of the Constitutional Court (1993 - 1995)

Graduated from the Faculty of Law, Zagreb University, in 1959. Gained his master's degree in the field of commercial law at the same faculty.

State Attorney for the Municipality of Zagreb, judge of: the Municipal Court, the Commercial Court, the High Commercial Court of the Republic of Croatia and the Supreme Court of the Republic of Croatia, where he acted as president of the Civil Commercial Law Department.

President of the Croatian Society for the Science and Practice of Civil Law.

Author of several books and numerous articles in the field of civil and commercial law. Lecturer at expert conferences and symposiums in these fields.

After the expiry of his term of office as Constitutional Court judge, he was appointed Head of the Agency for the Protection of Market Competition. Editor-in-chief of the journal Hrvatska pravna revija (Croatian Legal Journal)

Retired since 2003.


MRKONJIĆ, IVAN (1936)

Judge of the Constitutional Court (1999 - 2007)

Bar examination in 1965.

From 1968 judge in the Samobor Municipal Court. Afterwards worked in business firms and as secretary of the Forestry Faculty of Zagreb University. Held the office of adviser in administration, and from 1990 to 1995 was Assistant Minister of Health.

From 1995 to 1999 president of the Administrative Court of the Republic of Croatia. From 1997 to 1999 president of the Croatian Electoral Commission.

Author of many research papers and co-author of two books on health organisation and labour and administrative law. He has also delivered papers at symposiums in these fields.

Member of the secretariat of the Public Administration Institute, and from 1998 to 2000 on the editorial board of the periodical Hrvatska javna uprava (Croatian Public Administration).

He was awarded the following state decorations: Order of Croatian Pleter, Medal of the Homeland Defence War and Medal of Homeland Gratitude.


PALARIĆ, ANTUN (1958)

Judge of the Constitutional Court (21 July 2009 - 12 october 2017)

Graduated from the Faculty of Law, Zagreb University, in 1984. Passed the bar examination in 1987, and notary public examination in 1994.

From 1985 to 1988 he worked at the Dugo Selo Municipal Court, first as trainee and then as judge’s counsellor. In 1989 he was appointed judge at the Klanjec Municipal Court, whose president he was from 1989 to 1992. From 1992 he worked at the Ministry of Justice and Public Administration, where he was the minister’s chief of staff, and from 1993 to 1995 he was chief of staff of the Minister of Justice. He was appointed assistant minister of public administration in 1995 and was head of the State Office of Public Administration and Local Self-Government from 1999 to 2000. From 2000 to 2004 he was secretary of the Ministry of Agriculture, and in 2004 he was appointed state secretary of the Central State Office of Public Administration, which duty he performed until he was elected judge of the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Croatia.

He was president of the Croatian Government Commission for solving disputes about the rights of counties, towns and municipalities, president of the Croatian Government Commission for the boundaries of units of local self-government; member of the Croatian Government Commission for property, president of the State Commission for the state professional examination, member of the Bar Examination Commission, member of the Working Group for the Proposal of amendments to the Constitution founded by the Croatian Government, president of the Croatian Archives Council, president of the Supervisory Board of Narodne novine d.d.

Founder of the Civil Servants Education Centre and Academy for Local Democracy. Author and co-author of numerous drafts of laws related to the organisation of public administration, local self-government, electoral system and civil society. He was actively promoted human rights and national minorities rights.

He was awarded the Medal of the Homeland’s Gratitude and the Order of the Croatian Wattle and the Order of the Croatian Trefoil.


POTOČNJAK, ŽELJKO (1953), LL D

Judge of the Constitutional Court (2001 - 2009)
Acting President of the Constitutional Court (2007 - 2008)

Graduated from the Faculty of Law, Zagreb University, in 1981. Gained his master's degree (1984) and doctorate (1992, dissertation Pravo na štrajk /The Right to Strike/) at the same Faculty.
From 1982, employed at the Faculty of Law, Zagreb University, first as research assistant, then as assistant professor, than as associate professor and finally as professor at the Department of Labour and Social Security Law.

In 1987-1988 at Indiana University, Bloomington, USA, within the scientific exchange program. In 1993-1994 professional training at the Faculty of Law J.W.Goethe, Frankfurt University, Germany.

In 1992-1995 member of the work group for drafting the Labour Bill; co-head of the Labour Law project (1992-1995), which was part of the Croatian-German project Reshaping of the Croatian Legal System. In 1997-1998 member of the Croatian Government Work Group for examining the conformity of Croatian legislation with the European Convention on Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. President of the Work Group for examining the conformity of Croatian legislation with the European Social Charter. Head of the expert group for drafting the law on reforming the pay-as-you-go section of the Croatian pension system. In 2000 member of work groups for drafting revisions and amendments of laws in the field of labour and social security issues.

In 1998-2001 president of the Administrative Council of the Croatian Pension Institute, and Croatian Government representative in the Social Cohesion Committee of the Council of Europe. From 2000 until the election as a judge to the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Croatia, headed the work group for drafting the long-term development strategy of Croatian pension system.

Author of about sixty scientific and professional papers.

Lecturer at post-graduate level at the Faculty of Law, Zagreb University, in European law.


RAČAN, AGATA (1944)

Judge of the Constitutional Court (2001 - 2009)

Graduated from the Faculty of Law, Zagreb University, in 1970.

Trainee in the Public Administration Institute. In 1974-1980 adviser-editor in the Informator firm. In 1980-1986 advisor in the Republican Construction, Housing and Utilities Board. In 1986-1988 secretary of the Housing Commission of the Parliamentary Executive Council. In 1988-1998 assistant head of the Legislation Office of the Government of the Republic of Croatia, then head of the Regulations Writing Department of the Ministry of Privatisation. In 1999 senior professional adviser in the Legislation Bureau of the Government of the Republic of Croatia. In 2000 until the election as a judge to the Constitutional Court, deputy minister for European Integration - Department for harmonization of the Croatian legal system with the legal system of European Union.

During the entire years of service worked exclusively on the legal expert works, and from 1980 particularly on nomotechnical elaboration of laws and other regulations.

Author of many professional articles and contributions.

Participated, organised and lectured at many professional meetings, symposiums, conferences both in Croatia and abroad.


RADOLOVIĆ, ALDO (1947), LL D

Judge of the Constitutional Court (2007 - 2016)
Deputy president (2008 - 2010)
Deputy president (2010 - 2012) 

Graduated from the Faculty of Law, Zagreb University, in 1970. Passed the bar examination in 1972.

After graduation he worked at the Pula Municipal Court, but seated at the Poreč Municipal Court, first as trainee, then as professional associate and then as judge (1972). From 1979 to 1984 he was research assistant at the Chair of Civil Law, Faculty of Law, Rijeka University. He was elected to the Pula District Court (now the Pula County Court) where he was judge, president of the civil-law department, vice-president and president of the Court (two terms). He is also associate professor at the Chair of Civil Law, Faculty of Law, Rijeka University, where he is involved in all forms of teaching including the Civil Law Clinic, which he founded in 1996. He is external associate at the Economics and Tourism Department, Istrian University, which he founded and where he teaches the subject Law in Tourism.

Parallel with his judicial career he also developed his scholarly career. He attained his LL M in 1979 in Belgrade and his LL D in 1985 at the Faculty of Law, Zagreb University, thesis title, Personal Rights as a Category of Civil Law (he prepared his doctorate during study trips to Italy and Austria).

He has published over one hundred professional and research papers mostly in civil law (personal rights, non-material damage, compensation of damage). He has participated and lectured at many scholarly and professional consultations, seminars and other gatherings in Croatia and abroad.

Since 2005 he has been on the list of arbiters of the Croatian Chamber of the Economy. He also has a teaching degree in Italian Language and Literature.


RAJIĆ, EMILIJA (1942)

Judge of the Constitutional Court (1999 - 2007)

Graduated from the Faculty of Law, Zagreb University, in 1973.

Worked in business firms on property rights, law of obligations, financial and investment transactions, and legal counselling.

From 1990 member of the Parliament of the Republic of Croatia, and member of the Parliamentary Legislative Committee and Transport and Communications Committee.

In 1990 appointed vice-president of the Restructuring and Development Agency of the Republic of Croatia. In 1993 appointed vice president of the Croatian Privatisation Fund, and in 1995 appointed Deputy Minister for Privatisation.

From 1993 to 1999 member of the Croatian delegation for solving property relations with states that emerged from the system of former Yugoslavia (Slovenia, Bosnia and Hercegovina and Macedonia).
Author and co-author of many bills and other regulations.

She was awarded the following state decorations:, Order of Croatian Danica with the image of Blaž Lorković and Order of Croatian Pleter.


SEVERINAC, IVAN MARIJAN (1928 - 2006)

Judge of the Constitutional Court (1991 - 1999)
Vice-president of the Constitutional Court (1994 - 1995)

Graduated from the Faculty of Law, Zagreb University, in 1959. Bar examination in 1961.

From 1948 to 1959 administrative clerk. From 1960 to 1963 judge of the District Courts in Jastrebarsko and Ogulin.

Between 1964 and 1990 editor in the fields of labour and welfare law and deputy editor-in-chief of the journal Informator.

From 1990 to 1991 member of the Parliament of the Republic of Croatia and deputy chairman of the Legislation Committee of the Croatian Parliament.

Co-author, editor and reviewer of several expert legal manuals and lecturer at legal seminars in the field of labour law.

Retired in 1999. Passed away in 2006 in Jastrebarsko.


ŠARIN, DUŠKA (1962), LL D

Judge of the Constitutional Court (2008 - 2016)

Graduated from the Faculty of Law, Zagreb University in 1985 where she also gained her LL M in 1989 and her LL D in constitutional law in 1995. She defended a thesis on: "The 1990 Constitution of the Republic of Croatia - Creation and Main Features". She passed the Bar Examination in 1991. She was appointed into the grade of a research associate in the field of law in 2016.

From 1986 to 1996 she worked in the firm Sloga-Zagreb p.o., Sloga d.d. and Sloga-Nova d.o.o. as legal officer, deputy head of the Legal, Personnel and General Affairs Sector and head of the Legal, Personnel and General Affairs Sector. From 1996 to 2007 she was judge at the Zagreb Municipal Court, and from 2007 until she was elected judge of the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Croatia she was judge at the Zagreb Municipal Civil Court. From 2006 to 2007 she was also conciliation judge at the Zagreb Municipal Court, and from 2007 at the Zagreb Municipal Civil Court. From 2007 until she was elected judge of the Constitutional Court she was also a mentor judge.

She is the author of the book "The Making of the Croatian Constitution" (1997) and more than twenty scholarly and professional papers and presentations in constitutional law and other fields of law.

She has presented papers and participated at many national and international scholarly and professional symposiums, symposiums and other gatherings.

She was member of the editorial board of the periodical Hrvatsko sudstvo and the periodical Sudac. She was member of the Association of Croatian Judges and its Public Relations Committee. She is member of the Croatian Association for Constitutional Law and the Zlatko Crnić Foundation.


ŠERNHORST, NEVENKA (1950), LL M

Judge of the Constitutional Court (2003 - 2011)

Graduated from the Faculty of Law, Zagreb University, in 1973. Bar examination in 1978. Gained her master's degree at the same Faculty in the field of civil law (thesis title The Constitutional Guarantee of Ownership), in 2003.

Trainee in the Požega Municipal Court. In 1974-1979 legal adviser at the People's University of the City of Zagreb. In 1979 - 1992 property-rights relations officer and head of the Legal Department of the Croatian Pension Institute.

In 1993-2002 legal adviser and senior legal adviser at the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Croatia.

Author of many professional articles regarding the Constitutional Court's case-law.


VUKOJEVIĆ, VICE (1936)

Judge of the Constitutional Court (7 December 1999 - 6 December 2007)

Graduated from the Faculty of Law, Zagreb University, in 1967. In 1968-1971 studied at the International Faculty of Comparative Law in Paris, France.

Bar examination in 1967.

Worked in the Zagreb firm Novogradnja in various capacities.

From 1990, member of the Croatian Parliament and president of the Legislative and Legal Commission of the Croatian Parliament. In 1991 Assistant Minister of Internal Affairs for public security. From October 1991 to 1992 speaker of the Socio-Political Council of the House of Representatives of the Croatian Parliament and member of the Commission for Supervising the Work of the State Security Service. In 1992 President of the Parliamentary Committee for Election, Appointment and Administrative Affairs of the House of Representatives, member of the Parliamentary Committee for Judicature and of the Parliamentary Committee for the Constitution, Rules of Procedure and Political System of the Chamber of Representatives.

Member of the Parliamentary Commission for Constitutional Issues, president of the Parliamentary Constitutional Commission and member of the Constituent Commission of the Croatian Presidency for drafting the first Constitution of the Republic of Croatia in 1990.

First president of the Commission for Establishing Second World War Crimes and Post-war Victims. Member of the council of the Croatian Political Prisoners' Society.

He fought in the Homeland Defence War, is Reserve Brigadier General of the Croatian Army.

He was awarded the following state decorations: Order of Duke Trpimir with chain and Danica; Order of Ante Starčević, Order of Stjepan Radić, Medal of the Homeland Defence War; Medal of Homeland Gratitude.


VUKOVIĆ, MILAN (1933 - 2018)

Judge of the Constitutional Court (1991 - 1992, 1995 - 1997, 1999 - 2007)

High school diploma in Split in 1952 (concentration on Greek and Latin). Graduated from the Faculty of Law, Zagreb University, in 1956. Bar examination in 1960. Enrolled in the Register of Attorneys in 1961. In 1961-1991 attorney-at-law in Zagreb, engaged mostly as an advocate in criminal proceedings, especially in so-called political proceedings against Croatian intellectuals who represented the idea of independent Croatia. Elected Constitutional Court judge three times (1991, 1995, 1999). President of the Supreme Court of the Republic of Croatia, 1992-1995, 1997-1999. Member of the Constituent Commission of the Presidency of the Republic of Croatia for drafting the Constitution of the Republic of Croatia in 1990. From 1993-1995 member of the Commission for War Crimes of the Republic of Croatia. President of the Electoral Commission of the Republic of Croatia in 1992-1995. Member of National Judicial Council in 1994-1995. Author of eight books in the field of defence in criminal procedure law and court proceedings. In 1993 initiated publication of Izbor odluka Vrhovnog suda Republike Hrvatske (Collection of Decisions of the Supreme Court of the Republic of Croatia); in 1997 of the professional periodical Hrvatsko sudstvo (The Croatian Judiciary) and in 1998 of the special edition Ing. pregled sudske prakse (Overview of Judicial Practice). Author of more than sixty professional papers. Participated, organised and read papers at many professional meetings, symposiums, conferences and round tables both in Croatia and abroad. He was awarded the following state decorations: Order of Ante Starčević for the contribution to the creation of the Republic of Croatia, Order of Ante Starčević for defence of political prisoners, Grand order of Duke Trpimir with chain and Danica, Medal of the Homeland Defence War 1990-1992 and Medal of Homeland Gratitude. He passed away in Zagreb in March 2018.


ŽUVELA, MLADEN (1936)

Judge of the Constitutional Court (1991 - 1999)
Vice-president of the Constitutional Court (1998 - 1999)

Graduated from the Faculty of Law, Zagreb University, in 1959. Bar examination in 1962.

Court clerk and case officer at the Municipal Court, Public Attorney of the Municipality, head of the court practice records department, judge and president of the Civil Department of the Supreme Court of the Socialist Republic of Croatia and editor of the journal Pregled sudske prakse (Court Practice Review).

Author of many scientific and expert works and lecturer at numerous expert seminars and gatherings.

Retired since 1999. From 2001 external member of the Committee for the Constitution, Rules of Procedure and Political System of the Croatian Parliament.