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USTAVNI SUD REPUBLIKE HRVATSKE
Trg svetog Marka 4
10000 Zagreb
tel: +385 1 6400 251
fax: +385 1 4551 055

 



Verzija za ispis 
JUDGES OF THE CONSTITUTIONAL COURT OF THE REPUBLIC OF CROATIA


COMPOSITION OF THE CONSTITUTIONAL COURT AND BIOGRAPHIES OF THE JUDGES
ELECTION
ENTERING OFFICE
OATH
TERM OF OFFICE
IMMUNITY
CONSTITUTIONAL AND LEGAL INHIBITIONS
RELIEF OF OFFICE BEFORE EXPIRY OF THE TERM



COMPOSITION OF THE CONSTITUTIONAL COURT AND BIOGRAPHIES OF THE JUDGES

JUDGES


The Constitutional Court of the Republic of Croatia consists of thirteen judges.

The biographies of the judges who hold the office of president and deputy-president of the Constitutional Court are listed first. Then follow the CVs of the other judges of the Constitutional Court according to their initials, in alphabetical order.



OMEJEC, JASNA (1962), LL D
Judge of the Constitutional Court (7 December 1999 - 6 December 2007)
Vice-president of the Constitutional Court (2001 - 9 December 2003)
Deputy president of the Constitutional Court (9 December 2003 - 6 December 2005)
Deputy president of the Constitutional Court (6 December 2005 - 6 December 2007)

Judge of the Constitutional Court (7 December 2007 - )
President of the Constitutional Court (12 June 2008 - 11 June 2012 )
President of the Constitutional Court (12 June 2012 - )

Jasna OmejecShe graduated from the Faculty of Law, Osijek University, in 1985. She gained her LL D in administrative law at the Faculty of Law, Zagreb University, in 1994.

From 1986 she was assistant lecturer at the Department of Administrative Law at the Faculty of Law, Osijek University, and in 1990 she was elected to the Faculty of Law, Zagreb University, first as assistant lecturer then as senior lecturer, associate professor and finally as full professor at the Department of Administrative Law.

She is a co-author of the first Croatian textbook on environmental law (1997) and author of the following books: The Council of Europe and the European Union: Institutional and Legal Framework (2008); the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms in the case-law of the European Court of Human Rights - Strasbourg Acquis (2013) and the supplemented edition of this book that was published in 2014. She is author of several papers and articles in the fields of legal regime of common land, status rights of citizens, especially citizenship rights, relations between the state administration and local self-government, and electoral law. She is a co-author of several collections on constitutional court practice.

She was Head of the international project for the Republic of Croatia, Statelessness/Citizenship in the Former Yugoslavia Project, UNCHR, Geneva 1995 and member of the Croatian Government Commission for equality issues in 1998.

She is full founder-member of the Croatian Academy of Legal Sciences and member of the Institute for Public Administration, Zagreb.

She was a substitute member of the European Commission for Democracy through Law (the Venice Commission) from the Republic of Croatia in 2005 and re-appointed in 2009. In 2010 she was appointed member of that Commission and re-appointed in 2014. In 2014 she was elected member of the Enlarged Bureau of the Commission.

She is lecturer in post-graduate studies in administrative and political sciences at the Faculty of Law, Zagreb University and lecturer in the post-graduate doctoral studies "Public Law and Public Administration" at the same Faculty and in Administrative Law - National and European Aspect at the "Post-graduate Specialised University Studies of Public Administration". She was a guest-lecturer at post-graduate level in Civil Law at the Faculty of Law, Zagreb University, in European Law at the Faculty of Political Sciences, Zagreb University, and in Environmental Law at the Faculty of Chemical Engineering and Technology, Zagreb University.

She is organizer, lecturer and participant at numerous scientific and professional domestic and international conferences, seminars and symposiums.

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BAGIĆ, SNJEŽANA (1961), LL D 
Judge of the Constitutional Court (7 December 2007 - )
Deputy president (12 June 2012 - 11 June 2014)
Deputy president (12 June 2014 - )

Snježana BagićGraduated from the Faculty of Law, Zagreb University, in 1983. Passed the bar examination in 1986. Gained her LL D in European Law at the Faculty of Law Zagreb University in 2014. She defended a doctoral thesis on "The Principle of Proportionality in the Case-law of European Courts and its Impact on the Case-law of Croatian Courts 

From 1983 to 1984 she worked in the Law Office of Vjekoslav Gršić and from 1984 to 1991 in the Croatian Railway Company as an independent officer for representation in property rights. From 1991 she was employed at the Ministry of Justice of the Republic of Croatia as adviser, head of the Civil Law Department at the Property Rights Directorate, and assistant director of the Civil Law Directorate. She was appointed Secretary of the Ministry in 1995, and in 1997 she became Deputy Minister of Justice and Head of the Office for Cooperation with the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia and the International Court of Justice. From 2000 to 2003 she was head of the Office for Legislation of the Croatian Government. She was elected judge of the Zagreb County Court in 2003, and in 2004 she became State Secretary of the Ministry of Justice, which she remained until her election as judge of the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Croatia.

She is the author of many professional and research papers in civil law and co-author of the book Commentary of the Compensation Act. She participated in the writing of many laws and coordinated work on the projects of harmonising and computerising the land register and cadastre.

She was member of the Croatian delegation for resolving property rights disputes with the Republics of Slovenia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Macedonia; member of the negotiation team with the Republic of Slovenia on resolving the commitments of the Republics of Croatia and Slovenia towards the Republic of Italy deriving from the Osim Agreements; member of the Mixed Commission for Political Issues of the Republic of Croatia and the Republic of Italy; member of the State Commission for Resolving Property Rights Issues with the Former Republic of Yugoslavia; member of the Croatian Government Commission for research into historical facts about the outcome of Nazi victim property and member of the Mixed Commission for the Restoration of Church Property. She was member of the Council for Monitoring the Implementing the Justice Reform Strategy, coordinator of the Croatian Government for succession issues and head of the Croatian delegation in the Joint Permanent Committee for Implementing the Agreement on Succession Issues. Since 2005 she has been member of the Negotiating Team for Accession of the Republic of Croatia to the European Union in charge of Chapter 23: Judiciary and Fundamental Human Rights, and Chapter 24: Justice, Freedom and Security, and head of the Judiciary and Internal Affairs Subcommittee of the Stabilisation and Accession Committee of the Republic of Croatia.

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ARLOVIĆ, MATO (1952), LL D
Judge of the Constitutional Court (21 July 2009 - )

Mato ArlovićGraduated from the Faculty of Law of the Josip Juraj Strossmayer University in Osijek in 1979 where his also gained his LL M 1982 and his LL D in 2012. He defended a doctoral thesis on "The right of national minorities in the Republic of Croatia / constitutional regulation and their contradiction with human rights and fundamental freedoms". He passed the bar examination in 1995.

From 1970 to 1975 he worked at the Boris Kidrič Sugar and Fermentation Plant in Županja. From 1980 to 1988 he worked at the Faculty of Law of the Josip Juraj Strossmayer University in Osijek, first as assistant then as university teacher. He was secretary of the Municipal Assembly until October 1990, after which he returned to the Faculty where he worked until the spring of 1991. He was elected Member of the Croatian Parliament for five terms from 1990 to 2008, during which time he had various duties and performed various offices, the most important being: in the term of 1990-1992 he was president of the Public Administration and Justice Committee, president of the Commission for the Rules of Procedure of the Croatian Parliament and member of the Legislative Committee; in the term of 1992-1995 he was vice-president and president of the Work, Health and Social Policy Committee and member of the Legislation Committee; in the term of 1995-1999 he was president of the Maritime Affairs and Communications Committee, member of the Legislation Committee, member of the National Council for Waters and member of the State Commission for Natural Disaster Damage Assessment; in the term 2000-2003 he was vice-president of the Croatian Parliament, president of the Constitution, Rules of Procedure and Political System Committee, head and member of the permanent delegation of the Croatian Parliament to the Assembly of the WEU, coordinated the work of the Croatian Parliament and the Government of the Republic of Croatia; and in the term of 2004-2007 he was vice-president of the Croatian Parliament, head of the permanent delegation of the Croatian Parliament to the Assembly of the WEU, member of the extended presidency of the Assembly of the WEU, member of the Constitution, Rules of Procedure and Political System Committee and member of the Agriculture Committee.

He was an author, co-author and participant in the process of passing many Croatian regulations. He participated both as a member of the Croatian Parliament and also as an author or co-author in passing the Croatian Constitution and all its revisions and amendments and all the Constitutional Acts and acts that regulate the rights of national minorities and ethnic groups and how these are to be realised in the Republic of Croatia. He participated in the work of many Croatian and international public meetings, round tables, seminars, symposiums and conferences and published more than thirty scholarly and professional papers.

He is a member of the Croatian Red Cross, an honorary member of the Red Cross of the City of Osijek and also a member of the Croatian Red Cross on the national level. He is one of the founders of the Croatian Legal Centre, where he was member of the Supervisory Board.

He was awarded the Order of Work with a Silver Wreath, Order of the Croatian Trefoil for Special Merit for the Republic of Croatia During the War, Order of Danica Hrvatska with the Face of Katarina Zrinska.

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BABIĆ, MARKO (1954), LL D

Judge of the Constitutional Court (7 December 2007 - )

Marko BabićGraduated from the Faculty of Law, Zagreb University, in 1976. He attained his LL M at the Faculty of Law, Osijek University, in 1995, and his LL D at the Faculty of Law in Sarajevo in 2000, thesis title, The Legal and Economic Aspects of Privatisation in Transition Countries (the diploma was validated at the Faculty of Law, Osijek University, in 2003). Passed the civil service examination in 1978, the bar examination in 1979 and the notary public examination in 1998. In 2012 he was elected to the scientific title scientific associate.

In 1987 he was enrolled in the register of attorneys and continuously, until his election as judge of the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Croatia, worked as an attorney representing clients in a large number of criminal, civil and constitutional-law proceedings, and in proceedings before military courts and disciplinary bodies. As of 2013 he teaches Company Law at the Law Department of the Faculty of Economics & Business, Zagreb University.

He has published many research and professional papers in civil procedural law, civil law, administrative and commercial law. He has participated at many congresses and seminars in Croatia and abroad.


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BANIĆ, SLAVICA (1966)

Judge of the Constitutional Court (26 May 2008 - )

Slavica BanićGraduated from the Faculty of Law, Sarajevo University, in 1989. Passed the bar examination in 1996. Completed attendance at the Postgraduate Master’s Studies in International Law and International Relations (1989-1991). At present attending the Postgraduate Doctoral Studies in Public Law and Public Administration at the Faculty of Law, Zagreb University.

From 1991 to 1992 she was attorney’s trainee at Bianca Hondl’s Law Office. From 1992 to 1993 she worked in the Foreign Currency Sector of the Zagrebačka banka d.d. Bank, and from 1993 to 1995 she was administrator of the Zagreb Office of the International Rehabilitation Council for Torture Victims. From 1995 to 1996 she was attorney’s trainee in Lazo Veselinović’s Law Office. From 1997 to 2001 she was employed at the Croatian Parliament as secretary of the European Integrations Committee, senior adviser of the Foreign Policy Committee and adviser of the Croatian Parliamentary Delegation to the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe. From 2002 to 2004 she was constitutional-court advisor at the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Croatia. From 2004 until she was appointed Constitutional Court judge she was head of the Legislation Office of the Government of the Republic of Croatia.

She has written several professional articles on public administration. She participated in drawing up several laws. She was external associate teacher at the Two-Year Social Studies College in Zagreb and Secretary General of the Public Administration Institute.

She participated at many professional gatherings, seminars and consultations on law in Croatia and abroad and was professional organiser of several Croatian and international meetings concerning psychological and social help to war victims.

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JELUŠIĆ, MARIO (1965), LL D
 
Judge of the Constitutional Court (26 May 2008 - )

Mario JelušićGraduated from the Faculty of Law, Zagreb University, in 1990. At the same faculty he attained his LL M in civil law in 1994 and his LL D in 1998, thesis title Relationship Between Legislative and Executive Power in Croatia from 1848 to 1918. He passed the bar examination in 1994.

From 1991 he was research assistant at the Faculty of Law, Zagreb University, and then assistant professor at the Constitutional Law Department. He also teaches at the Faculty of Law, Rijeka University, and at the Diplomatic Academy of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and European Integrations of the Republic of Croatia. He is head of the Croatian section of the interdisciplinary Postgraduate Specialist European Studies held in cooperation of the Zagreb University and the Université Panthéon Assas (Paris II) and lecturer at postgraduate studies in European Law at the Law Faculty and postgraduate studies at the Political Sciences Faculty in Zagreb.

From 1996 to 1999 he was external member of the Committee for Legislation and the Committee for the Constitution, Standing Rules and Political System of the House of Representatives of the Croatian Parliament, member of the working group for drawing up the Bill of the Constitutional Act on the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Croatia 1998, and in 1999 member of the working group for the Draft of the Principles and Basic Institutes of Croatian Electoral Legislation. From 2001 to 2004 he was local expert for the European Union projects in Croatia (Support to the Judiciary in Legal Advice and Conducting Proceedings, and Public Administration Reform).

He is the author of scholarly and professional works in constitutional law, history of Croatian law and state, local and regional self-government and other fields of the law. He contributed papers at several Croatian and international scholarly and professional symposiums. He has contributed to the Croatian Encyclopaedia and the Legal Lexicon of the Miroslav Krleža Lexicographical Institute, and to the periodical Informator.

He is a full founding member of the Academy of Legal Sciences of Croatia, founding member of the Croatian Association for Constitutional Law, member of the Croatian Society for Civil Law Sciences and Practice and of the Board of Directors of the Society for Cultural Cooperation with the Alliance française in Zagreb. He is the recipient of Croatian state decorations, the Order of the Croatian Wattle and the Memorial Medal of Homeland Gratitude, and of the French decoration Ordre des palmes académiques.

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KRAPAC, DAVOR (1947), PhD, Fellow of the Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts
Judge of the Constitutional Court (9 July 2007 - )

Dr.sc. Davor KrapacDavor Krapac graduated from the Faculty of Law of the University of Zagreb in 1971, where he also gained an MSc in criminal law in 1973, and a S.J.D. in 1980. He defended a doctoral thesis on "Indirect and Direct Evidence in Criminal Procedure". He passed the Bar Examination in 1973.

Before his first appointment as assistant lecturer at the Faculty of Law (1973), he worked as legal trainee in Zagreb. Since 1978, he has held the positions of research assistant, senior lecturer, full professor, and in 1998 he was appointed full professor with tenure in the Department of Criminal Procedural Law of the Faculty of Law of the University of Zagreb. In the academic years 2001/02 and 2002/03 he held the office of Dean of the Faculty of Law of the University of Zagreb, and performed a number of administrative tasks in the working bodies of the University Senate.

He also lectures in postgraduate studies in Criminal Law Sciences, and lectured in other postgraduate studies (including copyright law, family law and European law). At the Faculty of Law of the University of Maribor he taught the regular course of Criminal Procedural Law from 1992 to 1997, and has given individual lectures at the law faculties of the universities of Ljubljana, Sarajevo and Graz. From 1997 to 2007 he also led the course in Criminal Procedural Law at the Police College of the Ministry of the Interior of the Republic of Croatia in Zagreb.

He was Fellow of the Humbolt Foundation in 1986/87/88, which allowed him to attend the Max-Planck Institute for Foreign and International Criminal Law in Freiburg, Germany. He attended multiple seminars at the "Instituto superiore di scienze criminali" in Syracuse, Italy, and in May 1986 he attended a training programme at the T.M.C. Asser Institute in The Hague. He has participated in numerous international conferences and seminars and all the international congresses of the International Association of Penal Law (IAPL/AIDP) since the 13th congress in Hamburg (1979) until today, in some of which he has taken the role of national rapporteur. He has cooperated in a number of scientific studies and projects in Croatia and Slovenia and is currently the leader of the research project of the Ministry of Science, Education and Sports ZOŠ (066-0662530-2506) "Modern Preliminary Criminal Proceedings". In 1996/97 he was the national coordinator of the Central European Exchange Programme for University Studies (CEEPUS) for the Croatian network (no. HR-028/9607). At the 21st criminological research conference of the Council of Europe in 1996 in Strasbourg he acted as general rapporteur. He has participated in numerous meetings organised by professional associations or citizen associations on legal topics related to human rights, the judiciary, and international criminal law.

From 1991 to 2007 he was President of the Presidency (later the Management Board) of the Croatian Association for Criminal Law Sciences and Practice. He is the founder and editor-in-chief of the specialist journal for criminal sciences "Croatian Annual of Criminal Law and Practice". In 1998, together with the Publishing Committee of the Croatian Ministry of the Interior, he launched within the Association the scientific-professional series of books "Vladimir Bayer" in the area of criminal law sciences. In 1999, he founded the Croatian Association of European Criminal Law whose objective is to prepare local professionals for the changes in criminal law and the justice system faced by the Republic of Croatia in its process of accession to the EU. From 2003 to 2007 he was president of the Steering Board of the Human Rights Centre in Zagreb.

He was member of the Parliamentary Constitutional Commission for drafting the text of the Constitution of the Republic of Croatia of 22 December 1990. From the summer of 1994 to the summer of 2000 he was member of the State Judicial Council drawn from the ranks of university professors. From the autumn of 2000 to November 2003 he was an expert member of the Parliamentary Committee for the Judiciary, and in parliamentary elections he has been member of the Ethics Committee. From 2003 to 15 June 2007 he was external member of the Committee for the Constitution, Standing Orders and the Political System of the Croatian Parliament. On 15 March 2000 he was elected as permanent external scientific advisor of the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Croatia. He was member of the State Public Prosecution Council of the Republic of Croatia from 26 October 2001 to 2005. He has participated either as member or as president of various working groups for the drafting of laws at the Ministry of Justice of the Republic of Croatia. He has also taken part in drafting reports prepared by the Croatian Government, in line with the commitments arising from different multilateral human rights agreements, for international institutions, such as the UN and the Council of Europe.

From 20 May 2004 to 10 May 2012 he was associate member, and since 10 May 2012 he has been full member of the Department of Social Sciences of the Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts. Since 7 November 2001 he has been member of the Academy of Legal Sciences of Croatia. On 30 May he received the State Award for Science of the Republic of Croatia.

He has published 10 books or individual publications, and more than 60 research and professional papers in Croatian and foreign law journals (German, Dutch, Italian, Canadian, Slovenian, Macedonian, Spanish, etc.). These papers, besides dealing with criminal law, also cover human rights and the regulation of criminal procedure, comparative criminal procedural law, judicial status law, international criminal law and substantive criminal law.

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MATIJA, IVAN (1951), LL D

Judge of the Constitutional Court (7 December 1999 - 6 December 2007)
Judge of the Constitutional Court (7 December 2007 - )

Mr.sc. Ivan MatijaGraduated from the College of Administration, Zagreb University, in 1977, and from the Faculty of Law, Zagreb University, in 1987. Gained his master's degree at the same Faculty, in 1991. Gained his LL D in constitutional law at the Faculty of Law, Bihać University (Bosnia and Herzegovina) in 2009.

From 1979, worked in various capacities in the Gredelj Railway Cars Factory in Zagreb (officer for labour law issues and employees' health and pension insurance; head of labour legislation department; head of personnel department; legal affairs and personnel manager). From 1995 to 1999 was on the Management Board and was Development Manager of the Gredelj Railway Cars Factory and deputy Managing Director in charge of legal affairs and contracting.

In 1990 member of the Croatian Parliament. Between 1990 and 1992 speaker of the Associated Labour Council in the Parliament of the Republic of Croatia, and from 1992 to 1995 president of the Parliamentary Committee for Labour, Social Policy, Health, Family and Youth concerns.
Member of the Parliamentary Constitutional Commission for drafting the first Constitution of the Republic of Croatia in 1990.

Author of many research papers in labour law, social rights of employees, and legal and political issues.

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PALARIĆ, ANTUN (1958)

Judge of the Constitutional Court (21 July 2009 - )

Antun PalarićGraduated from the Faculty of Law, Zagreb University, in 1984. Passed the bar examination in 1987, and notary public examination in 1994.

From 1985 to 1988 he worked at the Dugo Selo Municipal Court, first as trainee and then as judge’s counsellor. In 1989 he was appointed judge at the Klanjec Municipal Court, whose president he was from 1989 to 1992. From 1992 he worked at the Ministry of Justice and Public Administration, where he was the minister’s chief of staff, and from 1993 to 1995 he was chief of staff of the Minister of Justice. He was appointed assistant minister of public administration in 1995 and was head of the State Office of Public Administration and Local Self-Government from 1999 to 2000. From 2000 to 2004 he was secretary of the Ministry of Agriculture, and in 2004 he was appointed state secretary of the Central State Office of Public Administration, which duty he performed until he was elected judge of the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Croatia.

He was president of the Croatian Government Commission for solving disputes about the rights of counties, towns and municipalities, president of the Croatian Government Commission for the boundaries of units of local self-government; member of the Croatian Government Commission for property, president of the State Commission for the state professional examination, member of the Bar Examination Commission, member of the Working Group for the Proposal of amendments to the Constitution founded by the Croatian Government, president of the Croatian Archives Council, president of the Supervisory Board of Narodne novine d.d.

Founder of the Civil Servants Education Centre and Academy for Local Democracy. Author and co-author of numerous drafts of laws related to the organisation of public administration, local self-government, electoral system and civil society. He was actively promoted human rights and national minorities rights.

He was awarded the Medal of the Homeland’s Gratitude and the Order of the Croatian Wattle and the Order of the Croatian Trefoil.

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RADOLOVIĆ, ALDO (1947), LL D
 
Judge of the Constitutional Court (7 December 2007 - )
Deputy president (12 June 2008 - 11 June 2010)
Deputy president (12 June 2010 - 11 June 2012)

Aldo RadolovićGraduated from the Faculty of Law, Zagreb University, in 1970. Passed the bar examination in 1972.

After graduation he worked at the Pula Municipal Court, but seated at the Poreč Municipal Court, first as trainee, then as professional associate and then as judge (1972). From 1979 to 1984 he was research assistant at the Chair of Civil Law, Faculty of Law, Rijeka University. He was elected to the Pula District Court (now the Pula County Court) where he was judge, president of the civil-law department, vice-president and president of the Court (two terms). He is also associate professor at the Chair of Civil Law, Faculty of Law, Rijeka University, where he is involved in all forms of teaching including the Civil Law Clinic, which he founded in 1996. He is external associate at the Economics and Tourism Department, Istrian University, which he founded and where he teaches the subject Law in Tourism.

Parallel with his judicial career he also developed his scholarly career. He attained his LL M in 1979 in Belgrade and his LL D in 1985 at the Faculty of Law, Zagreb University, thesis title, Personal Rights as a Category of Civil Law (he prepared his doctorate during study trips to Italy and Austria).

He has published over one hundred professional and research papers mostly in civil law (personal rights, non-material damage, compensation of damage). He has participated and lectured at many scholarly and professional consultations, seminars and other gatherings in Croatia and abroad.

Since 2005 he has been on the list of arbiters of the Croatian Chamber of the Economy. He also has a teaching degree in Italian Language and Literature.

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ŠARIN, DUŠKA (1962), LL D
 
Judge of the Constitutional Court (26 May 2008 - )

Duška ŠarinGraduated from the Faculty of Law, Zagreb University in 1985. At the same Faculty she gained her LL M in 1989 and her LL D in constitutional law in 1995. She passed the Bar Examination in 1991.

From 1986 to 1996 she worked in the firm Sloga-Zagreb d.o.o., Sloga d.d. and Sloga-Nova d.o.o. as legal officer, deputy head of the Legal, Personnel and General Affairs Sector and head of the Legal, Personnel and General Affairs Sector. From 1996 to 2007 she was judge at the Zagreb Municipal Court, and from 2007 until she was appointed judge of the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Croatia she was judge at the Zagreb Municipal Civil Court. From 2006 to 2007 she was conciliation judge at the Zagreb Municipal Civil Court. From 2007 until her nomination to the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Croatia she was mentor judge.

She is the author of the book The Making of the Croatian Constitution and many scholarly and professional papers and presentations in constitutional law and other fields of law.

She has participated at many Croatian and international scholarly and professional symposiums and presented papers at professional symposiums as representative of the Association of Croatian Judges.

She was member of the Association of Croatian Judges and its Public Relations Committee. She was on the editorial board of the periodical Hrvatsko sudstvo (from 1998 to 1999) and the editorial board of the periodical Sudac (2000 to 2001). She is member of the Zlatko Crnić Foundation.

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ŠEPAROVIĆ, MIROSLAV (1958) LL D
Judge of the Constitutional Court (14 April 2009 - )

Miroslav ŠeparovićGraduated from the Faculty of Law, Zagreb University in 1981. Passed the bar examination in 1983 and the notary public examination in 1994. Gained his LL D in civil law at the Faculty of Law Zagreb University in 2013. He defended a doctoral thesis on "Child welfare and the principle of the best interests of the child in the case-law of the European Court of Human Rights and the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Croatia."

After graduation he worked as a legal clerk in the Blato Winery in Zagreb (1981 - 1983) and then at the Prečko Military Construction Organization (1984 - 1986). He was judge at the Zagreb Municipal Court from 1986 to 1989. From 1989 he was employed at the Ministry of Justice as adviser in the Property Affairs Directorate, senior adviser, department head, head of the Directorate and deputy minister. He was Minister of Justice from 1995 to 1998. In that period he participated in writing and implementing regulations in civil law, the judicial system and the criminal law reform. He was director of the Croatian Intelligence Service and deputy president of the Office for National Security from 1998 to 2000. In January 2000 he enrolled in the Register of Attorneys of the Croatian Bar Association and in 2005 he was one of the founders of the Šeparović and Partners Law Firm seated in Zagreb. He was member of the Association of Defence Counsel Practising before the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia in The Hague and was for a time an attorney at this Tribunal. He was also member of the Council for the Civil Control of Security and Intelligence Agencies and external member of the Committee for the Judiciary of the Croatian Parliament. He is a regular member of the Croatian Academy of Legal Sciences.

He is the author and co-author of several books and articles in civil law: Purchase of Socially-Owned Flats and Denationalisation - Denationalisation of Building Land (Collection of Papers, Organizator, Zagreb, 1991), Expropriation Act (Ivica Crnić and Miroslav Šeparović, Informator, Zagreb, 1994), Aliens as the Holders of the Right to Own Property (Mladen Žuvela and Miroslav Šeparović, in Collection of Papers, Organizator, Zagreb, 1993 and Collection of Basic Regulations in Property Rights, Informator, Zagreb, 1995), Commentary on the Act on Compensation for Property Expropriated During the Yugoslav Communist Rule (Snježana Bagić, Mladen Žuvela and Miroslav Šeparović, Organizator, Zagreb, 1997), Property Rights Aspects of Legitimate Expectations (Hrvatska pravna revija, 2011) and  Children's Rights to Visit and Spend Time with his/her Parents (Hrvatska pravna revija, 2012). He is also author of a book entitled: Child welfare and the principle of the best interests of the child in courts' practice, the European Court of Human Rights and the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Croatia (Novi informator, 2014).

He has participated in many domestic and international conferences, seminars and symposiums.

He was awarded the Order of the Croatian Trefoil, Memorial Medal of the Homeland’s War, Memorial Medal of the Homeland’s Gratitude, Vukovar Memorial Medal and Order of Prince Branimir with ribbon.

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ELECTION OF THE JUDGES OF THE CONSTITUTIONAL COURT

The Constitutional Court consists of thirteen judges elected by the Croatian Parliament for a term of eight years from among notable jurists, especially judges, public prosecutors, lawyers and university professors of law.

Judges of the Constitutional Court must be Croatian citizens, jurists, with at least 15 years of experience in the legal profession, who have become distinguished by their scientific or professional work or public activities. A person who has obtained a doctoral degree in legal science and fulfils all the conditions mentioned may be elected judge of the Constitutional Court if he/she has at least 12 years of experience in the legal profession.

The procedure for electing a judge of the Constitutional Court is instituted by the Committee of the Croatian Parliament competent for the Constitution (hereinafter: competent committee), which publishes an invitation in the Official Gazette Narodne novine to judicial institutions, law faculties, the chamber of attorneys, legal associations, political parties, and other legal persons and individuals, to propose candidates for the election of one or more judges of the Constitutional Court (hereinafter: invitation). An individual may propose himself as candidate.

The invitation gives the conditions for electing a judge of the Constitutional Court laid down in the Constitution and in the Constitutional Act on the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Croatia, the deadline for proposing a candidate to the competent committee, and the enclosures that have to be delivered with the proposal.

After the expiry of the deadline, the competent committee investigates whether the candidates comply with the conditions for being elected judge and rejects invalid candidacies.

The competent committee performs a public interview with each of the candidates who comply with the conditions for being elected judge of the Constitutional Court and on the basis of data presented and interview results draws up a short list of candidates for judges of the Constitutional Court. As a rule the short list includes more candidates than the number of judges of the Constitutional Court to be elected.

The competent committee submits to the Croatian Parliament, together with its proposal, a list of all the candidates who comply with the conditions for being elected judge of the Constitutional Court. The proposal of the competent committee must include the reasons showing why the committee gave a particular candidate priority over the other candidates.

Members of the Croatian Parliament vote for each proposed candidate individually.

A candidate proposed for judge of the Constitutional Court shall be considered to have been elected judge of the Constitutional Court if a majority of the total number of members of the Croatian Parliament vote for him.

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OATH OF THE JUDGES OF THE CONSTITUTIONAL COURT

Before entering office, judges of the Constitutional Court take the following oath before the President of the Republic of Croatia:

"I do solemnly swear that I will faithfully execute the office of judge of the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Croatia in accordance with the Constitution and laws of the Republic of Croatia".

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ENTERING OFFICE OF THE JUDGES OF THE CONSTITUTIONAL COURT

An elected judge of the Constitutional Court enters office on the day when the term of office of his/her predecessor expires.

A judge of the Constitutional Court who has been elected in place of a judge relieved of office before the expiry of his/her term of office enters office at the time determined by the Croatian Parliament.

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TERM OF OFFICE OF THE JUDGES OF THE CONSTITUTIONAL COURT

The term of office of the judge of the Constitutional Court lasts eight years.

The term of office of the judge of the Constitutional Court begins on the day when he enters into office.

Six months before the term of office of a judge of the Constitutional Court expires, the President of the Constitutional Court is obliged to notify the Speaker of the Croatian Parliament thereof.

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IMMUNITY OF THE JUDGES OF THE CONSTITUTIONAL COURT

Judges of the Constitutional Court enjoy the same immunity as the members of the Croatian Parliament.

No judge of the Constitutional Court is responsible under criminal law, nor may be detained or punished for an opinion expressed or vote cast in the Constitutional Court.

No judge of the Constitutional Court may be detained, nor shall criminal proceedings be instituted against him/her, without the approval of the Constitutional Court. A judge of the Constitutional Court may be detained without the approval of the Constitutional Court only if he/she has been caught in the act of committing a criminal offence for which a penalty of imprisonment of more than five years is prescribed by law. In such a case the state body that arrested the judge shall instantly notify the President of the Constitutional Court thereof.

The Constitutional Court may decide that the judge against whom criminal proceedings have been instituted may not perform his/her duties at the Constitutional Court during the proceedings.

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CONSTITUTIONAL AND LEGAL PROHIBITIONS DURING THE TERM OF OFFICE OF THE JUDGE OF THE CONSTITUTIONAL COURT

Judges of the Constitutional Court may not perform any other public or professional duty.

A university professor of law (assistant professor, associate professor and full professor) elected as judge of the Constitutional Court may, on a part-time basis and to a lesser extent, continue performing educational and scientific work as a university professor of law. Other scientific and expert activities, membership in institutes and associations of lawyers, as well as in humanitarian, cultural, sports and other associations, are not considered to be public or professional duties.

A judge of the Constitutional Court may not be a member of any political party, nor may he/she in his/her public activities and behaviour express personal support for any political party.

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RELIEF OF OFFICE OF A JUDGE OF THE CONSTITUTIONAL COURT BEFORE THE EXPIRY OF HIS/HER TERM OF OFFICE

A judge of the Constitutional Court may be relieved of office before the expiry of the term for which he/she has been elected:
- at his/her own request,
- if he/she has been sentenced to imprisonment for a criminal offence,
- if he/she has become permanently incapable of performing his/her duty.

Grounds for relieving a judge of the Constitutional Court of office before the expiry of the term of his/her office are determined by the Constitutional Court, which must notify the Speaker of the Croatian Parliament thereof.

If a judge of the Constitutional Court requests to be relieved of office, and if the Croatian Parliament does not decide upon the request within a period of three months, the office of judge of the Constitutional Court will terminate by force of the Constitutional Act when the period of three months from making the request has expired.

The court of justice that sentenced a judge of the Constitutional Court to prison must deliver without delay the final judgment to the Constitutional Court, which will notify the Speaker of the Croatian Parliament immediately.

Proceedings for determining the permanent incapacity of a judge of the Constitutional Court from performing his/her duty are instituted at the proposal of the President of the Constitutional Court to the Constitutional Court. Proceedings for determining the permanent incapacity of the President of the Constitutional Court are instituted at the proposal of three judges of the Constitutional Court to the Constitutional Court, and the Constitutional Court decides on the proposal by majority vote of all its judges.

During criminal proceedings against a judge, or during proceedings for determining the permanent incapacity of a judge to perform his/her duty, the Constitutional Court judge may be suspended from duty. The President of the Constitutional Court proposes the suspension, and the Constitutional Court decides on the proposal by majority vote of all its judges.

In the case of proceedings against the President of the Constitutional Court, the proposal for his/her suspension is made by three judges. The Constitutional Court decides on the proposal for suspension of the President of the Constitutional Court by majority vote of all its judges.

A judge of the Constitutional Court whose term of office has expired, as well as a judge who has been relieved of office before the expiry of his/her term of office at his/her own request, or because of permanent incapacity to perform his/her duty, has the right to retire under the same conditions as the members of the Croatian Parliament.

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PALARIĆ, ANTUN MATIJA, IVAN BAGIĆ, SNJEŽANA ŠEPAROVIĆ, MIROSLAV ŠARIN, DUŠKA RADOLOVIĆ, ALDO OMEJEC, JASNA ŠERNHORST, NEVENKA ARLOVIĆ, MATO JELUŠIĆ, MARIO BANIĆ, SLAVICA KRAPAC, DAVOR BABIĆ, MARKO

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